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Transmission Technologies

From 2G to 3G and 4G – Drivers, Technologies, Services, Business Case

Course Objectives:

The goal of this training is to help mobile network operators plan their transition from 2G to 3G and 4G technology, predominantly from a strategic and business planning point of view. It explains the market developments that drive this evolution and why certain solutions have been selected. The level of technical detail provided in the course conveys a sound understanding of the different technologies, their advantages and limitations, in order to then apply this knowledge to competitor analysis, strategic decision making, business planning and service definition.

By actively discussing a multitude of examples taken from various network operators you will be able to apply the newly gained know-how to analyse requirements in your country, develop demand forecasts, assess benefits and estimate costs of technology migrations, and successfully define services and pricing plans.

This course will enable participants to: 

  • Understand the technology evolution from 2G to 3G and 4G telecommunication systems
  • Gain knowledge on advantages and limitations of different technologies
  • Translate demand forecasts for broadband services into network investment requirements
  • Gain insights into best practices in network design
  • Assess the value of frequency spectrum and spectral efficiency
  • Understand service definition and creation of business cases for different network technologies and customer requirements

The participants will gain an in-depth understanding of various telecommunication systems, their characteristics and usage, enabling them to select the most appropriate solution and migration path to meet their present and future needs. Emphasis is given to discussions of approaches to building a business case and setting suitable marketing strategies.


Pre-Requisite for Participants:

A basic understanding of mobile telecommunication systems and services.


Who Should Attend?

  • Staff responsible for strategic planning, marketing and sales at mobile network operators, infrastructure equipment suppliers and terminal manufacturers
  • Decision makers at newly licensed or prospective network operators who need to choose a technology platform that best suits their needs and business plan
  • Management (all levels)
  • Technical staff wishing to gain insights into competing technologies, business models and service definition
  • Telecom regulatory authority staff, especially those responsible for spectrum management


Course Duration:

3 days


Course Outlines:




  • Drivers in mobile communication systems
  • Customer expectations
  • The “Migration Path”
  • 2G, 3G and 4G in your region and worldwide

GSM/GRPS/EDGE – The foundations of today’s system evolution

  • Digital cellular systems vs. analogue
  • Network architecture and elements
  • Handover types
  • Best practices in GSM network design
  • Services in GSM networks
  • Messaging solutions
  • Data solutions in GSM
  • GPRS/EDGE: Packet vs. circuit switching
  • The need for data evolution – Market drivers
  • Data rates and restrictions in GPRS/EDGE
  • GPRS/EDGE architecture and network design
  • Upgrading the network
  • Service definition and marketing for GPRS/EDGE solutions
  • WAP – Wireless Application Protocol
  • Enhanced messaging: Bulk SMS, MMS
  • Current developments: Evolved EDGE

Commercial aspects of migrating from 2G to 3G

  • Market drivers for 3G – Service requirements and QoS
  • Current data usage and forecast to 2016 by segment and region
  • Key enabler: Availability and cost of international bandwidth
  • Spectrum licensing – case studies
  • Business case for 3G in low ARPU markets – case studies
  • How does traffic and user behaviour change when moving from 2G to 3G and 3.5G? Case studies
  • Additional revenue potential
  • Dongle vs. smartphone and tablet users, average traffic per user
  • Changing data bundles and pricing plans when moving from 2G to 3G and 3.5G
  • Mobile VoIP – menace or opportunity for network operators?
  • 3G deployments in your region and worldwide


UMTS – Introducing 3G

  • Discussing the CDMA Basics – spread spectrum, soft capacity
  • The UMTS air interfaces: Explaining FDD and TDD, W-CDMA, TD-CDMA, TD-SCDMA
  • 3G frequency spectrum allocations
  • UMTS RAN architecture
  • Transmission network evolution: PDH, SDH, ATM, IP, MPLS, Gigabit Ethernet
  • The move to All-IP networks
  • 3G Core Network evolution – the Softswitch concept
  • Best practices in UMTS network design
  • UMTS link budget, coverage planning
  • UMTS data rate capabilities and limitations
  • 3G services and applications
  • Subscriber profiles, traffic mix, network capacity planning
  • How many users can be served with different services?
  • Developing pricing plans to suit your network

CDMA-2000 – Competition from the “other” 3G technology

  • Specialties and concepts of CDMA-2000
  • 1xRTT overview: Network architecture and components
  • Services with 1xRTT
  • Extending 1xRTT with data capabilities: 1xEVDO, 1xEVDV
  • CDMA-2000 deployments in your region and worldwide
  • Competitive pricing of CDMA-2000 and EV-DO services

3.5G – Where are the limits of HSPA?

  • Drivers for higher data rates
  • HSDPA: boosting the downlink capabilities
  • HSUPA: boosting the uplink capabilities
  • Upgrading the network to HSPA
  • HSPA deployments in your region and worldwide
  • Best practices in HSPA network design: Coverage and capacity
  • HSPA deployment strategies
  • Services and marketing aspects for HSxPA: Case studies

Multimedia Services – The role of IMS

  • Market drivers for Multimedia Services
  • IMS concept – who needs it?
  • Services and application examples with IMS:
  • VoIP services
  • Multimedia Call and Conferencing Services
  • Presence services
  • Location-based services
  • Introducing the NGN concept (Next Generation Network)
  • IMS architecture and components


4G/LTE – Should an operator skip 3G?

  • Market drivers and business case for 4G
  • When is 3G no longer enough? Data traffic rise vs. spectrum availability
  • Upgrading the network from 3G to 4G
  • LTE status in your region and worldwide
  • 3GPP evolution path to LTE/SAE
  • LTE overview: OFDM principles
  • LTE user equipment (UE)
  • MIMO in LTE – getting the most out of your network
  • SAE architecture and components
  • LTE and IMS
  • Best practices in LTE network design: Coverage and capacity
  • LTE spectrum
  • Services and marketing aspects in LTE – case studies from around the world
  • Achieving LTE indoor coverage with peak data rates: Micro, pico and femtocells

WiMAX – The “other” 4G technology

  • WiMAX and LTE – where is the difference?
  • Market drivers for WiMAX
  • Convergence with LTE
  • I
    ntroduction to WiMAX technology – “WiFi on steroids”?
  • Network architecture and components
  • Mobile WiMAX
  • WiMAX spectrum, a hot commodity
  • Service capabilities and business case: Voice, broadband data, IPTV – Triple Play
  • WiMAX deployments in your region and worldwide
  • WiMAX marketing best practices, case studies

WiFi – The solution to mobile capacity problems?

  • WiFi and WiMAX – where is the difference?
  • WiFi capabilities and limitations
  • Architecture and components
  • Ad-hoc and mesh networks
  • Market drivers and applications for WiFi
  • Services and business cases for WiFi: Hotspots, Campus coverage, Public access, Municipal networks
  • WiFi in your region and worldwide
  • Hot trend: Data offload for mobile networks

Wrap-Up: Workshop summary and Discussion

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